Etel Adnan’s biography is defined by a multi-cultural environment. She was born in 1925 in Beirut, in French-occupied Lebanon. Her mother is a Greek Christian and her father a Muslim Syrian. Etel Adnan later studied at the Sorbonne in Paris and at Berkeley and Harvard in the United States. From this time onward, San Francisco Bay, Beirut, and Paris were all equally her home. Her origins, family, and the history of the Middle East are especially present in her literary work. As early as the 1970s, she acquired international renown with her philosophical essays, novels, poems, and journalistic texts, becoming a leading figure in Arabic literature.