Exhibition. April 9–September 10, 2017. MoMA PS1 presents Tomáš Rafa: New Nationalisms, an exhibition featuring the work of the Slovakian artist and documentary filmmaker. Since 2009, Rafa (b. Žilina, 1979) has employed the methods of cinéma verité to document what he refers to as “new nationalisms” across Central Europe, creating vivid and stirring portraits of the resurgence of extreme right-wing, xenophobic, and neo-fascist groups in the region. Rafa’s films offer a visceral glimpse into a range of political and social conflicts, including the plight of Syrian refugees attempting to cross the border into Hungary, clashes between ethnic majorities and disenfranchised groups like the Roma, and political movements such as the Euromaidan protests that prefaced the Ukrainian civil war. Extending the tradition of vérité filmmaking, Rafa often acts as a participant observer: in one work, he collaborates with Roma youth in Slovakia, using sports motifs to ironically decorate a boundary wall that separates Roma communities from those of neighboring ethnic majorities. Elsewhere, he violates anti-graffiti laws by painting the words “We Are So Sorry” on a fence erected around a Roma camp where a family had recently been murdered by a white Slovakian nationalist. Set in Hungary, Poland, the Czech Republic, Ukraine, and his native Slovakia, Rafa’s films reveal how the return of extreme nationalist fervor has become an increasingly widespread phenomenon.